KONSEP SIYASAH DAN ADAB BERNEGARA MENURUT IMAM AL-GHAZALI

Kholili Hasib

Abstract


Imam al-Ghazali is an expert scholar of various fields, kalam, tasawuf, fiqh, and
philosophy. Even so, he did not care about the political issues of his time. His
political thinking is in his book Al-Tibr al-Masbuk fii Nashihat al-Muluk.
According to Imam al-Ghazali, various political issues that engulf the Islamic
world boils down to a scientific crisis. Therefore, Imam al-Ghazali's criticism is
directed to the 'ulama' as the bearer of knowledge. The tyranny of science has
created an epistemological crisis that leads to the weakness of the ummah against
foreign powers. Thus, the thought of politics is described by al-Ghazali imam with
Sufism frames. Efforts to improve the politics of al-Ghazali is done by applying
the concept of amar ma'ruf nahi munkar to the ulama and the ruler at once. Stages
of business is done, warning, then advice. Al-Ghazali is very committed to the
factors of improvement and renewal. For him, a scholar or scientist should not
undertake a constructive reform in the political arena. Because this is a form of
amar ma'ruf nahi munkar.
 
Keyword: Siyasah Syar’iyah, Adab, Epistemologi


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